Friedrich Hayek and the Jews (Part 1 of 3)

Friedrich Hayek

by John I. Johnson

AUSTRIAN-BORN philosopher and economist Friedrich August von Hayek (1899-1992) is well-known as an intellectual advocate of free markets. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1974. Hayek’s best-known work is The Road to Serfdom, a dissent from socialism and Communism that caused an uproar when it was published in 1944. (Jewish collectivist Herman Finer immediately penned an attack called Road to Reaction.) Hayek’s greatest book is The Constitution of Liberty (1960). In addition to economics, he made enormous contributions to the study of political and legal philosophy.

Despite the fact that the tolerant and broadminded Hayek lived a life immersed in Jews — and despite the fact that he stated, “It is difficult to overestimate how much I owe to the fact that, almost from the beginning of my university career, I became connected with a group of contemporaries who belonged to the best type of the Jewish intelligentsia of Vienna and who proved to be far ahead of me in literary education and precociousness” — he has been labeled “anti-Semitic.”

Jewish economist Melvin W. Reder leveled the radioactive charge in “The Anti-Semitism of Some Eminent Economists,” History of Political Economy 32 (Winter 2000): 833-56. A rejoinder in the same journal, “A Note on Hayek and Anti-Semitism,” 34 (2002): 255-60 by Jewish libertarian Ronald Hamowy, termed Reder’s accusation “perverse.” Reder responded with “Reply to Hamowy’s Note on Hayek and Anti-Semitism,” History of Political Economy, 34 (2002): 261-272.

Reder based his charge on three or four isolated remarks made by Hayek in a series of interviews published as Stephen Kresge and Leif Wenar, eds., Hayek on Hayek: An Autobiographical Dialogue (1994).

For example, Hayek said:

The Jewish problem in Vienna became acute only as a result of emigration from Poland. There was an old, established Jewish population in Vienna, partly of local origin, partly of Hungarian or Bohemian origin, who were fully accepted and recognized. The violent anti-Semitism occurred when very primitive, poor Polish Jews immigrated, already before the war and partly in flight from the Russians during the war. Vienna became filled with a type of Jew which hadn’t been known before, with cap on and long beards, which we hadn’t even seen before. And it was against them that anti-Semitism developed. (p. 61)

In a statement prefaced by the revealing plea, “Now please be discreet about this point, because it raises very touchy problems” (obviously Hayek, like most Whites, was inordinately circumspect where the topic of Jews was concerned), he impertinently disposed of the myth — rooted in the Jewish economist’s own claim — that Ludwig von Mises was denied a professorship in Vienna because of White anti-Semitism.

Actually I suspect it is not as simple as this, because half the law faculty consisted of Jews, and the problem why Mises didn’t get a professorship is a very peculiar one; and my answer to this, which I don’t think has ever been stated, but . . . for a Jew to get a professorship he had to get the support of his Jewish fellows. Any other Jews who were sufficiently eminent must be supported, because only appointed Jews could get a professorship. But the Jews who were teaching were all socialists, and Mises was an anti-socialist, so he could not get the support of his own fellows. So the reason why he did not get a professorship was not really anti-Semitism, but [that] he wasn’t liked by his Jewish colleagues. This is a very comic story, which I tell you with hesitation, because it’s the sort of thing you cannot prove. I’m quite certain it’s correct. (p. 59)

With respect to the foregoing observations, it would seem that Hayek’s thought crime actually consisted of mere sentience and cognizance of his surroundings — admittedly things most Whites cannot be accused of.

Hayek also said:

And there were several things which I must confess I resented among our Jewish friends. The worst was that I was not allowed [note Hayek’s tacit acceptance of the subservient role in the relationship — an unvarying characteristic of all Jewish-White interactions] to speak about Jewish things; they did that all the time. Even the theme of ‘Has he a Jewish accent?’ was constantly discussed among them; if I would have said a word about it, it would have been bitterly resented. (p. 61) (Emphasis added.)

Melvin Reder

In his rejoinder to Reder, Ronald Hamowy, who had known and worked closely with Hayek, says, “Not only was he not anti-Semitic but in most regards he was in fact pro-Semitic.”

Reder, however, was clever enough to leave himself some weasel room. In small print, he convicts his White thought criminals not of unadulterated anti-Semitism, but of “ambivalent anti-Semitism.” (A necessary proviso, it would seem, inasmuch as all three of his subjects — Hayek, John Maynard Keynes, and Joseph Schumpeter — exhibited pronounced philo-Semitic behavior — notably, the shared attribute of advancing Jewish interests professionally and institutionally by assisting individual Jews when the chips were down.)

Ronald Hamowy

“Whether mild or astringent,” Reder says, “typically the anti-Semitism of educated [White] people was ambivalent, manifested in some contexts and toward some individuals, but not in others.” “The criterion I have tried to apply is that the mind-set of an ambivalent anti-Semite (which I consider all three of our subjects to have been) is characterized by (1) a dichotomy between ‘acceptable’ and ‘unacceptable’ Jews and (2) a tendency, varying with mood and circumstance, to apply an adverse stereotype to any Jew who arouses distaste.”

To Reder’s last criterion might be added “A tendency to apply an exaggeratedly positive stereotype to any Jew who arouses sympathy.” In other words, I do think that Reder is onto something here — namely, “ambivalent philo-Semitism.”

Nevertheless, Reder’s title (“The Anti-Semitism of Some Eminent Economists”), together with the overall thrust of his article, reveals that his real purpose is to tar his subjects with the “anti-Semitic” brush. Therefore, Hamowy’s judgment appears apt: “It seems clear from this list that Reder is equating anti-Semitism with any characterization of Jews by a non-Jew that is not explicitly laudatory. Even statements of historical fact are not exempt.”

Classical Liberalism, “Anti-Racism,” and Anti-Anti-Semitism

Any assertion of liberal universalism coupled with either implicit or explicit double standards favoring Jews or other non-Whites over Whites is untenable. Basically, three options are available.

First: public hypocrisy combined with private adherence to Jewish supremacism. (This is far and away the most common stance.)

Richard McCulloch

Second, adherence to a universally destructive ideology of the type Richard McCulloch calls “racial nihilism” — a policy encompassing the destruction of all races, not just the White race. (Note that the principle remains the same if the category chosen is that of “social construct” instead of race. There is no acceptable reason why the “social constructs” of “Jewry,” “Jewishness” and “Judaism” should not be abolished right along with “Whiteness.”)

Alternatively, one could consistently advocate “liberalism inside the borders” — political, economic, and social liberty within a larger framework of global racial separation and preservation.

Jewishness is the very antithesis of individualism and universalism. It is collectivist, chauvinist, and totalitarian. As everyone secretly knows, if Jews were compelled to abide by the same legal and moral standards as everybody else, Jewry would cease to exist as an organized entity. Jews and Jewry exist and possess superior power and privilege because of the willful non-application to them, by the state and by society generally, of the normative rules that other members of society are coerced into obeying.

If Jews are allowed to operate as a secretive, tight-knit, racially-conscious unit habitually exploiting others, then on what grounds can this possibly be justified? The fact that society and its citizens (or subjects) completely avoid talking or thinking about the situation will not make it go away. On the contrary, silence is, at minimum, an implicit endorsement of the injustice inherent in the social arrangement.

Enoch Powell

This glaring discrepancy between liberal thought and behavior was exposed when English statesman Enoch Powell was forced from the Mont Pelerin Society because of his belief in racial and cultural preservation. (Hayek founded the Society in 1947 as a forum to promote the values of classical liberalism among scholars, journalists, politicians, and others, and was its leading personality for many decades.) The irony of a largely Jewish group ostensibly devoted to freedom venting its spleen on a White member for having the temerity to publicly suggest that his people have a right to exist was not lost upon discerning observers.

In his private life, Hayek, too, implicitly accepted a non-reductionist approach to racial matters. During the Battle of Britain, for example, when he had to choose between sending his children to live in the U.S., Argentina, or Sweden, he chose the United States, “based on the tacit assumption that my children would there be placed with a white and not with a coloured family.” Law, Legislation and Liberty, Vol. 2: The Mirage of Social Justice (1976), p. 189, n. 25.

In the intellectual arena, by contrast, Hayek took the easy way out, refusing to acknowledge the need for even a minimum of collective self-regard among Europeans, while simultaneously tacitly endorsing a socially pathological level of racial collectivism for Jews. This required either significant intellectual dishonesty or willful blindness on his part. Then again, perhaps Hayek felt that he could afford to indulge himself in this manner in the still-White world of the 40s, 50s, 60s, and 70s.

Unfortunately, we no longer have that luxury.

* * *

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  1. Axis Sally
    13 October, 2018 at 8:05 pm — Reply

    Excellent exposé. I always assumed Hayek was philo-Semitic, if not a weiẞe Jude, as are all contemporary “libertarians” who grovel before the the altar of Hayek, VonMises, Rothbard, and yes, even Rand.

  2. Travon Martinberg
    14 October, 2018 at 2:13 am — Reply

    This article’s level of discussion is beyond the thought level of joe-sixpack (whoever that is), myself, and most of our white go-state university students and alumni. It also is a throwback to an earlier time that lacks the historical milestones that college kids today need to cram in for midterms, which means it’s deadening to those born in the 2000’s. To paraphrase the ridiculously jewish Paul Finebaum, who’s current? NCAA FBS attendance per conference game often exceeds 105,000 spectators on any given Saturday; annual attendance totals approximately 36.7 million tickets, per (though declining) . Of the attendees, at minimum 90% to 95% are white and under age 25 by my rough observation of the televised sample. There are 130 universities with such teams. No doubt that when some of those spectators at their home, college rental, or in the dorm turned to issues of politics and race, it often was on Twitter, following blue collar “shitlords” coming from 4chan obscurity, who worked relentlessly and methodically to gain thousands of followers, and who called out the jews as a group and individually for their two-faced behavior. Typically, it is jews calling themselves white when lecturing whites on privilege, then putting support of Israel as a national priority with demands for censorship of those who point out the concurrent agenda of wars against Iraq and possibly Iran, then demanding non-white immigration into white countries to top it off. There was a nexus that connected the kids to the reality that two-party politics ignores (or gives MAGA lip-service to), that the two-party’s courts won’t permit being addressed regardless of whose elected. But by now, all those twitter accounts either are suspended or their authors stifled into abstract, less informative prose. Spectre was my favorite, a true political genius, but his bite was tempered once the ADL came onboard Twitter. The point of this is that to get whites to do what’s best for their future there has to be something that promises college kids one better than what demographics and ecology portend. But do these kids even know that they will be a minority group by 2050, that non-whites are causing the vast majority of ocean and air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, as well as crime, government dependence and refugee migrations? Stories about dead pseudo-white jews in Vienna are even less interesting to college students than stories about all the great but deliberately obscured white engineers and scientists who designed bridges, engineered medical tools, hybridized disease-resistant grain, discovered black holes, etc., that are so important for the unprecedentedly high quality of life and understanding of the world around us, that we enjoy in the West. That knowledge is power, and the university is the place to absorb it if it were presented as something that will be lost in the future as it appears now. Universities thrive on alumni donations and gifts. Correspondence to alumni organizations of the NA mission, worded in practical non-accusatory terms that won’t upset their brainwashing so much as to circular-file the request, could promote and fund pro-West and pro-white alternatives to campus guest-speaker infections like Ta-Nehisi Coates (whose book on Obama titled “We were Eight Years in Power” says it all) – while helping fill NA’s coffers instead of funding yet another gymnasium contraption for the running backs and wide receivers to train on.

    • Bruce Arney
      22 October, 2018 at 3:16 pm — Reply

      Very good comment, better than the article, itself.

  3. Anthony Collins
    15 October, 2018 at 8:38 am — Reply

    This is off-topic to the article above, but I think it’s noteworthy that Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, the nineteenth-century Austrian writer and fetishist who inspired the term “masochism,” was also a philo-Semite.

    • Titus
      16 October, 2018 at 9:27 pm — Reply

      Lovers of deviances tend to be philo-semites, and indeed masochism seems to marry perfectly with philo-semitism, what a disgusting lot.

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