Blacks in America Owned Black Slaves
by David Sims
HERE ARE A FEW selections from Free Negro Owners of Slaves in the United States in 1830 by Carter G. Woodson (published in 1924), along with a few notes by me.
This statistical report on the free Negro ownership of slaves was made possible in 1921 when the Director of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History obtained from the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial an appropriation for the support of research into certain neglected aspects of Negro History. This special report, however, was not the objective of the Research Department of the Association. It developed rather as a by-product. In compiling statistics for the much larger report on Free Negro Heads of Families in the United States in 1830, the investigators found so many cases of Negroes owning slaves that it was decided to take special notice of this phase of the History of the free Negro….
The aim of this report on the free Negro is to facilitate the further study of this neglected group. Most of these people have been forgotten, for persons supposedly well-informed in history are surprised to learn today that about a half million, almost one-seventh of the Negroes of this country, were free prior to the emancipation in 1865. It is hardly believed that a considerable number of Negroes were owners of slaves themselves, and in some cases controlled large plantations.
That much I already knew. Among the free Negroes who ran plantations and owned slaves were Cecile Richards and Antoine Dubuclet of Louisiana, around the middle of the 19th century.
Slaves of Negroes were in some cases the children of a free father who had purchased his wife. If he did not thereafter emancipate the mother, as so many such husbands failed to do, his own children were born his slaves and were thus reported by the enumerators.
Which is as I would expect. Blacks like to claim that when Blacks owned slaves, they did so only for humanitarian reasons, for “good” reasons, which justified the “technical” slave status of whomever had been purchased. But the truth is that Blacks used slavery to apply pressure or punishment on others. For example:
Some of these husbands were not anxious to liberate their wives immediately. They considered it advisable to put them on probation for a few years, and if they did not find them satisfactory they would sell their wives as other slaveholders disposed of Negroes. For example, a Negro shoemaker in Charleston, South Carolina, purchased his wife for $700; but, on finding her hard to please, he sold her a few months thereafter for $750, gaining $50 by the transaction.
Ha! Yes, that sounds like Blacks all right.
There’s another anecdote in the book, involving a plot between a free Black man’s slave-wife and a male Black slave, to steal her husband’s manumission papers and run away, thereafter to pretend that the papers belonged to the Black slave, who had owned the woman, but had set her free. When the true owner of the manumission papers (the woman’s husband) complained to law enforcement, he was himself arrested and had to spend $500 on lawyers to prove his innocence. To recoup the money, he sold his wife for that amount.
Never believe the nonsense that dishonest, anti-White Jews and Blacks tell about slavery. The truth is much more nearly as the “White racists” tell it — and in this case, Carter G. Woodson agrees.
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Source: Author and the Internet Archive