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New Russian Gulag Museum Recreates Soviet Terror

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THE RUSSIAN AUTHORITIES have opened a new museum in Moscow dedicated to the millions who were persecuted in Soviet labour camps in 1930-1950 — in the so-called Gulag system. (ILLUSTRATION: A prisoner scrawled his date of birth and prison sentence on this log from a labour camp.)

The opening coincided with a national day of remembrance for the victims of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.

Earlier, thousands of victims’ names were read out near the Lubyanka, the former base of the KGB secret police.

The new Gulag museum is bigger than a previous one founded in 2001.

Under President Vladimir Putin’s rule Russian officials have tended to downplay Stalin’s crimes, focusing more on Stalin’s role in the Soviet World War Two victory over National Socialist Germany.

Portraits of Stalin have reappeared in public — yet they were taboo for decades after his death and the 1956 denunciation of Stalinism by his Communist successor Nikita Khrushchev.

The stairs in the museum maintain the bleak, prison-like atmosphere.
The stairs in the museum maintain the bleak, prison-like atmosphere.
The new museum: A memorial garden is to be established nearby, with trees and stones from former camp sites.
The new museum: A memorial garden is to be established nearby, with trees and stones from former camp sites.
A cell's dimensions are marked out and an original bed frame shows how cramped it was.
A cell’s dimensions are marked out and an original bed frame shows how cramped it was.
A prisoner's glasses and case from a camp in Komi, in Russia's far north
A prisoner’s glasses and case from a camp in Komi, in Russia’s far north

The new five-storey museum shows personal effects of Gulag prisoners, the dimensions of prison cells, and original doors from camps in remote Magadan, Anadyr and Vorkuta.

Up to 170 prisoners were crammed into one cell.

There are also grim discoveries from execution pits — bullets and casings, and wire used to tie up victims.

An estimated 20 million people died during Stalin’s reign of terror. At the height of the terror, in the 1930s, victims accused of plotting against Soviet power were executed en masse.

‘Touch the Doors’

On entering the museum visitors hear the chilling clank of cell doors being shut and loud footsteps in prison corridors.

“I want visitors to be able to touch the doors and immerse themselves in this theme, to feel it,” said museum director Roman Romanov, quoted by the government newspaper Rossiiskaya Gazeta.

A huge map of Russia shows the camp locations — described in detail in Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s chronicle The Gulag Archipelago, which was banned by the Soviet authorities.

And visitors can also read about the experiences and suffering of individual prisoners.

By focusing on the Stalin period the museum does not however include the persecution of dissidents that went on after Stalin’s death.

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Source: BBC

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Heinemann
Heinemann

So Stalin is being revived? Because of his association with the purges and arbitrary rule Stalingrad was changed to Volgagrad at the time of Khrushchev.

Now because Russians still worship the war the eponym , made immortal more by the Battle of Stalingrad than Stalin himself it must be revived and so today it is again, Stalingrad.

But he was not completely sovereign and was murdered by those , who jealously guard their claim to supreme sovereignty.

Russians still lay roses on his grave and even wish for his return. He brought them both order and something they all were denied but still crave , a God.

Truthweed
Truthweed

…and he helped control their population so that today the Russian population is less than that of Bangladesh.